The Largest massacre of civilians in the history of the U.S.
There are both stunning and devastating considerations as we look back on the story of Greenwood, Oklahoma.
Here were thousands of African people who in an enormously demeaning and oppressive - terrorist environment, built loving, prosperous communities, just as they had done on the continent.
We can see how the makings of all of enraging circumstances that we observe today, were given still more White social legitimacy.
Rebuilding Black Wall Street
(Note, wearing a suit certainly does not open the floodgates of Black childhood morality.)
Those include the utter destruction of Black community building and properties, mass murder, harassment and victimization of our people, shady and mean-spirited, killer laws, widespread White jealousy, terrorizing policing, and the list goes on and on.
Greenwood, and towns like it would have been among the perpetual Black centers of our booming business economy today - from which unimaginable achievement would have flowed.
These are the stories that we are obligated to tell in order to help people to bridge the gaps between the enslavement of our ancestors, their incredible suffering and resistance, and to instruct as to built their knowledge as to how little time separates us from their daily lives.
These were Brothers and Sisters who talked back, fought back - and whose reflection provides evidence that everything we touch can turn to gold, absent the presence of the pillager and ravager who looted, stole it, mangled it and then proceeded to call it his own.
Note, there are occasional contradictions among these presentation below given the variety of productions and perspectives. Forgive them in order to absorb the depth and breadth of this important Afrikan history.
Note, some of these presentations include images of the deceased.
"The purpose of this documentary and the series of Bridging The Gap Between History & Hip-Hop is to spark conversation amongst youth and adults alike to look deeper into the stories about American history that are not often told."
"They had doctors, lawyers, their own airline companies . . . everyone helped each other, and they were making their own money and keeping it within the community."
Tulsa Race Riots
W/Congresswoman Maxine Waters
Burning of Greenwood, Oklahoma - The Black Wall Street
"The date was June 1, 1921, when "Black Wall Street," the name fittingly given to one of the most affluent all-black communities in America, was bombed from the air and burned to the ground by mobs of envious whites."
"What I could not understand was why these people who were helpless as babes, were placed under guard . . . nevertheless heavily armed guards all around the building, some kind - others were beasts dressed in uniforms."
"When the smoke cleared, over 1,200 homes had been destroyed, leaving over 9,000 homeless.
And a commercial district that had multi-story buildings - including the Stradford, Gurley, Red Wing and Midway hotels; the Dreamland Theater; YMCA Cleaners; East End Feed Store; Osborne Monroe's Roller Skating Rink; the Tulsa Star and Oklahoma Sun newspapers;, Dunbar Elementary School and Frissell Memorial Hospital â€“ was leveled, with nothing left but ash and debris."
"But a conspiracy of silence, fearfulness and shamefulness kept the Tulsa Race Massacre a mystery even for those who grew up in Tulsa - until Timothy McVeigh committed this awful act in the same state."
""They set our house on fire and we were up in the attic... five kids...
We were able to get out without injury but bullets were zinging around there...
But when we got down, the telephone poles were burned and falling and my poor sister who was two years younger than I am said, `Kinney, is the world on fire?' I said, `I don't think so, but we are in deep trouble."
"The fighting, pillaging and burning continued all night and into the morning. The riot was now a war; being fought building by building, block by block.
The white's rage was blinding: At one point, the advancing mob noticed a lone, unarmed pedestrian across the street. Mistaking him for Black, the rioters opened fire, hitting him some 25 times. "Death was instantaneous," reported the Tulsa World the following morning. "He was hit so many times his body was mangled almost past identification."
What happened to Black Wall Street on June 1, 1921?
"During the 16 hours of the assault, over 800 people were admitted to local hospitals with injuries, an estimated 10,000 were left homeless, and 35 city blocks composed of 1,256 residences were destroyed by fire caused by bombing."
"A Black man may get up in the morning from a mattress made by Black men - in a house that Black men built, our of lumber which Black men cut and planed."
From Unearthing a Dirty Little Secret
"For the most part, though, the local, county, state and federal governments refused to lend any help to the riot victims, and indeed, they did everything they could to prevent the rebuilding of Greenwood."
"Local ordinances were passed requiring impossible special fire restrictions."
"Not a single black insurance claim was ever paid, but records neatly recorded the many whites who were reimbursed for lost property."
"Initial reports put the death toll at thirty."
"The first report on the riot blamed violent blacks for the destruction."
"The infamous editorial 'To Lynch Negro Tonight' was conveniently and neatly cut out of all newspapers before the paper was archived."
"The records of the National Guard have vanished, as have those of the fire department and the roster of the Ku Klux Klan in 1921."
"Eddie Faye said she was shocked to discover that a 1932 roll of Tulsa Klansman still included people who had been the most powerful and important white citizens during the Tulsa riot, including the mayor, teachers, policemen, Boy Scouts, lawyers, and doctors."
(Mention which box, and your comment will hyperlink people back here)
has made every effort to ascertain the origin of all photos, and is eager
to cite all work.
Please contact email@example.com to
discuss citing or to propose photos for exhibition by sending them with photographer/artist's
name, image title, and/or web address.